Boogie Woogie is the dancable playground for Blues on piano. It developed at the beginning of the last century from Ragtime. First it spread mainly in the black musicians scene, though now it experiences a renaissance in europe.
Boogie Woogie is the precedessor of Swing, Rythm & Blues and even Rock'n Roll. All of those genres are sub-genres of Jazz.
More information on Boogie Woogie can be found at http://boogie.at.